API Snapshots: Core, Memory, Pig, Hive, Misc

Table of Contents

Theta Sketch Java Example

// simplified file operations and no error handling for clarity

import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;

import com.yahoo.memory.Memory;
import com.yahoo.sketches.theta.Sketch;
import com.yahoo.sketches.theta.Sketches;
import com.yahoo.sketches.theta.UpdateSketch;
import com.yahoo.sketches.theta.Union;
import com.yahoo.sketches.theta.Intersection;
import com.yahoo.sketches.theta.SetOperation;

// this section generates two sketches with some overlap
// and serializes them into files in compact (not updatable) form
{
  // 100000 unique keys
  UpdateSketch sketch1 = UpdateSketch.builder().build();
  for (int key = 0; key < 100000; key++) sketch1.update(key);
  FileOutputStream out1 = new FileOutputStream("ThetaSketch1.bin");
  out1.write(sketch1.compact().toByteArray());
  out1.close();

  // 100000 unique keys
  // the first 50000 unique keys overlap with sketch1
  UpdateSketch sketch2 = UpdateSketch.builder().build();
  for (int key = 50000; key < 150000; key++) sketch2.update(key);
  FileOutputStream out2 = new FileOutputStream("ThetaSketch2.bin");
  out2.write(sketch2.compact().toByteArray());
  out2.close();
}

// this section deserializes the sketches, produces union and intersection and prints the results
{
  FileInputStream in1 = new FileInputStream("ThetaSketch1.bin");
  byte[] bytes1 = new byte[in1.available()];
  in1.read(bytes1);
  in1.close();
  Sketch sketch1 = Sketches.wrapSketch(Memory.wrap(bytes1));

  FileInputStream in2 = new FileInputStream("ThetaSketch2.bin");
  byte[] bytes2 = new byte[in2.available()];
  in2.read(bytes2);
  in2.close();
  Sketch sketch2 = Sketches.wrapSketch(Memory.wrap(bytes2));

  Union union = SetOperation.builder().buildUnion();
  union.update(sketch1);
  union.update(sketch2);
  Sketch unionResult = union.getResult();

  // debug summary of the union result sketch
  System.out.println(unionResult.toString());

  System.out.println("Union unique count estimate: " + unionResult.getEstimate());
  System.out.println("Union unique count lower bound 95% confidence: " + unionResult.getLowerBound(2));
  System.out.println("Union unique count upper bound 95% confidence: " + unionResult.getUpperBound(2));

  Intersection intersection = SetOperation.builder().buildIntersection();
  intersection.update(sketch1);
  intersection.update(sketch2);
  Sketch intersectionResult = intersection.getResult();

  // debug summary of the intersection result sketch
  System.out.println(intersectionResult.toString());

  System.out.println("Intersection unique count estimate: " + intersectionResult.getEstimate());
  System.out.println("Intersection unique count lower bound 95% confidence: " + intersectionResult.getLowerBound(2));
  System.out.println("Intersection unique count upper bound 95% confidence: " + intersectionResult.getUpperBound(2));
}


Output:
### HeapCompactOrderedSketch SUMMARY: 
   Estimate                : 149586.73149344584
   Upper Bound, 95% conf   : 154287.5017892762
   Lower Bound, 95% conf   : 145028.6046846571
   Theta (double)          : 0.027382107751846067
   Theta (long)            : 252555366948521403
   Theta (long) hex        : 038141c4a515c5bb
   EstMode?                : true
   Empty?                  : false
   Array Size Entries      : 4096
   Retained Entries        : 4096
   Seed Hash               : 93cc
### END SKETCH SUMMARY

Union unique count estimate: 149586.73149344584
Union unique count lower bound 95% confidence: 145028.6046846571
Union unique count upper bound 95% confidence: 154287.5017892762

### HeapCompactOrderedSketch SUMMARY: 
   Estimate                : 48249.113729035394
   Upper Bound, 95% conf   : 50358.736970106176
   Lower Bound, 95% conf   : 46227.35737896924
   Theta (double)          : 0.04377282475820978
   Theta (long)            : 403733047849016500
   Theta (long) hex        : 059a591165205cb4
   EstMode?                : true
   Empty?                  : false
   Array Size Entries      : 2112
   Retained Entries        : 2112
   Seed Hash               : 93cc
### END SKETCH SUMMARY

Intersection unique count estimate: 48249.113729035394
Intersection unique count lower bound 95% confidence: 46227.35737896924
Intersection unique count upper bound 95% confidence: 50358.736970106176